Maritime transport can be divided into long-distance and cabotagem. Navigation maritime held in the same country is called cabotage, independentemente, distance. On the other hand, shipping between countries It is named long haul. For example, a transport ship between Bethlehem and Porto Alegre, both in Brazil, it is a case of coastal shipping. In addition it of a transport between Porto Alegre (Brazil) and Montevideo (Uruguay), despite the distance being smaller, it is considered a long-haul navigation case. Loads transported through the waterway mode have much variety large (tankers, roll-on-roll-off, bulk etc.), but the tendency is for ships door-containers and specialized ships (tankers, roll-on-roll-off, bulk etc.). Anyway, you can work with two types of loads.
It is understood by unitizing the joined several small volumes into one larger, with In order to facilitate the handling, storage and transport. In 1977, it was edited Decree No. 80145, which provided for the unitization, DRIVE and the transport and intermodal, commodities in load units, and other providências. The stowage factor is the volume in cubic meters occupied by a metric ton packed for shipment of goods. This notion is essential for us to We know the amount of goods that we can put in a cubic meter. For example, in road mode is used often the factor 300, ie a 300kg cubic meters. A normal trailer has a capacity of 100 cubic meters therefore if we multiply 300 kg per 100 meters, we have a p capacity ara loading 30,000 kg which is payload: Possible payload to be transported.
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